This report was produced by the Virginia State Crime Commission and analyzes restorative justice (RJ) practices in Virginia. Restorative justice involves offenders, victims and the community and focuses on repairing harm done by a crime. The most popular forms of RJ are victim-offender mediation or dialogue. In Virginia, RJ as been utilized since the 1980s and is currently used in courts, schools, prisons and jails in the form of "pretrial diversion, victim/community, impact statements, restitution, community service, prisoners' reentry programs and victim-offender mediation" (p.8). This report discusses the history of RJ in the United States, Virginia code regarding RJ practices and examples of RJ programs. The report recommends that all forms of RJ be 'rigorously evaluated' in order to explore alternatives to incarceration.
Report of the Virginia State Crime Commission - Restorative Justice ReportVirginia State Crime Commission . Jan. 1, 2010