"Separated parents randomly assigned to either mediation or traditional adversarial methods for resolving child custody disputes were surveyed nine years post-settlement. Noncustodial parents assigned to mediation reported more frequent current contact with their children and greater involvement in current decisions about them. Parents in the mediation group also reported more frequent communication about their children during the period since dispute resolution" (Taken from Abstract). The study used a sample of 25 parents in the mediation group and 28 in the litigation group. Results were based upon a 10-minute phone interview.