This report describes the use of ADR in the federal courts. Twelve years after the Alternative Dispute Resolution Act required federal courts to provide ADR services for all civil cases, every federal district court has authorized at least one form of ADR. One-third of district courts have authorizes multiple forms of ADR. Specific authorized processes includes mediation, arbitration, settlement conference, early neutral evaluation, case evaluation and summary jury trial. Mediation is by far the most popular process. Out of over 28,000 cases referred to ADR in 42 district courts (out of 94 total district courts; data for the remaining courts was unavailable), 63% were sent to mediation. The report provides a general history of ADR in the federal courts and describes the processes used, referral methods, service providers and court fees. Its appendixes include historical reports on ADR in the federal courts, the ADR Act requirements, and a chart listing the ADR processes authorized, the referral procedures and the type of service providers for each district court.
ADR in the Federal District Courts: An Initial ReportStienstra, Donna. Nov. 1, 2011